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End of Year Report 2015

We are pleased to present NPC's annual report, which highlights our most important achievements of 2015.  From important studies on the ecology of  Peru's endemic primate species, to the continued success and expansion of our Community Based Conservation Network, to an intensified focus on battling the illegal trafficking of Peru's fauna, it has been a very busy year! 

We hope you will enjoy learning more about it.

Click here to download

NPC End of Year Report

Support our spay/neuter program for dogs

NPC is seeking funding for the implementation of a spay/neuter programme in the villages of the Peruvian Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot.This region is considered to the most biodiverse region on Earth, as well as one of the most threatened. and is home to many endemic and highly threatened taxa of flora and fauna, including the Critically Endangered yellow-tailed woolly monkey (Lagothrix flavicauda), the Long-whiskered Owlet (Xenoglaux loweryi) and spectacle bear (Tremarctos ornatus).

Local people keep dogs for company, but also for security reason and very often they leave dogs in very remote areas to guard their fields. Sometimes they leave them in the fields overnight to guard cattle. These dogs are fed the minimum necessary and hunt to supplement their diet and to amuse themselves when their owners are away. Except from the direct hunting problem, unhealthy stray domestic animals can be very dangerous vectors for diseases transmission into the forest, contaminating and infecting populations of wildlife with diseases they have little or no immunity against. These diseases can become real epidemics wiping out wild populations of certain species without anyone knowing about it. Therefore it is extremely important to keep domestic animals population as low and as healthy as possible.

There is also a very important moral issue. The main way people in the area avoid too much breeding is by killing the females as soon as they are born, usually by drowning in a sack. Therefore, in typical villages, there are very few females and a lot of males. Apart from the horrible ways in which the new born females are disposed of there is also the problem of to many males. When just one female is in heat fights between the dozens of males become very fierce and many are wounded severely, sometimes dying later from injuries or infection.

The idea of this project is to offer free sterilizations, basic veterinary care and education about how dogs and cats should be kept, to the people living in villages surrounding our research station. We have vets associated with the project that are willing to do the work voluntarily or for a nominal fee, therefore costs will be kept to a minimum, just materials and transport. We estimate that 300 - 400 pounds would be sufficient for the first 30-40 dogs, or enough for two or three villages. Prices will decrease slightly if we can get funds for a larger amount of operations which we could be offered to people in growing number of villages, depending on the amount of funds available.

Support our spay/neuter program for dogs

Godzilla “El Niño” and Peruvian Children

“El Niño” is a natural phenomenon that occurs every three to five years, bringing torrential rains, flooding, landslides and drought. Climate change, warming of the oceans and the loss of the ozone layer increase the frequency and intensity of this phenomenon. It is believed that this year’s “El Niño” could be the worst ever recorded and for this reason has been named the Godzilla “El Niño”. With the consistently high and rising levels of deforestation in the Peruvian Amazon, the danger of flooding and landslides is ever increasing. In the last two years, dozens of people have lost their lives and hundreds have lost their homes as a result of these natural disasters. Central Bagua Grande and parts of Moyobamba, the capital of San Martin state, were flooded this year due to the effects of climate change, even without any influence from“El Niño” or Godzilla.

At the moment we are carrying out an environmental education campaign, visiting rural villages in Amazonas and San Martin, educating school children about the importance of primates and forests through games,
videos and storytelling. This year we are also including activities specifically focusing on the threat of the “El Niño” phenomenon. The majority of the villages that we plan to visit during this campaign have so far been un-reachable due to torrential rains that have made many roads impassable.

Although a state of emergency has been declared in both Amazonas and San Martin, the national campaign “Preparate Peru”(Prepare yourself Peru) has had little impact in rural areas. Local people know little about what this year’s weather will bring but schools are being closed for December as a precaution. However little more is being done to prepare rural cities and villages.

We must understand that the lives of thousands of rural Peruvian children are in very real danger. Highways are closed, harvests ruined, houses destroyed, water contaminated and areas without power mean a large loss of life and increase in future poverty.

It is common to hear people say that “El Niño” is a natural phenomenon, or an act of god, and that they just need to put up with it, but it is important to understand the magnitude of destruction that is about to occur and that it is a consequence of the continued destruction of ecosystems. It is the result of bad government policies that promote deforestation. It is time to demand that governments value life and  protect it; that they stop treating nature as a resource to be exploited; and their rural citizens are not treated like expendable people.

Photos: NPC

Felicito el cierre del mercado Bellavista- Uno de los principales mercados ilícitos de fauna silvestre en Perú

Por Noga Shanee, NPC

El día 28 de Octubre, he tenido la mayor satisfacción al ser testigo del desalojo del mercado Bellavista, siendo trasladado a un nuevo y formal local. Las nuevas instalaciones han sido diseñadas para facilitar operaciones de inspección y control por parte de las autoridades y el tráfico de fauna silvestre no estará permitido.

Bellavista era un mercado ilegal, manejado informalmente por la municipalidad de Coronel Portillo, Pucallpa. Además de ventas cotidianas, este mercado comercializaba ilegalmente con fauna silvestre, drogas e incluso existen sospechas de que se traficaba con personas. Durante los veinte años que operó este mercado se han presentado ente las autoridades cientos de denuncias sobre tráfico de fauna y otros negocios ilícitos y también sobre la terrible contaminación que fue la causa de muchas enfermedades en la ciudad de Pucallpa. Sin embargo, las mafias que lideraban este mercado, evitaban la entrada de las autoridades con gran violencia, por este motivo las denuncias fueron archivadas una tras de otra: siendo los traficantes los únicos beneficiados de este estado de abandono ya que delinquían  libremente y abiertamente. 

Durante los últimos 20 años millones de animales vivos (mascotas) y muertos (carne de monte) han sido vendidos a vista y paciencia en este mercado ubicado a un par de cuadras del centro de la ciudad. La manera abierta en que se comercializaban los animales en este mercado ha generado que la población perciba el tráfico de fauna silvestre como algo legal y aceptable. En los tachos de basura de este mercado se podía encontrar cada día varios animales muertos que no aguantaron el miedo, la depresión, el hambre y las enfermedades y fueron botados a la basura sin ningún respeto. El tráfico de fauna silvestre que ocurrió en Bellavista a unos niveles extremadamente altos, afectaba a los animales que sufrieron y perdieron sus vidas, además de tener un papel importante en la extinción de especies de la Amazonia Peruana.

El mercado de Bellavista ha sido uno de los principales objetivos de la campaña en contra del tráfico de fauna silvestre dirigida por NPC y desde el año 2013 hemos trabajado incansablemente en Pucallpa denunciando las actividades ilegales que ocurrían en este mercado. Hemos organizado protestas, ruedas de prensa y campañas de concienciación con las autoridades y el público en general, con la finalidad de clausurar este terrible mercado que tantas muertes y sufrimiento ha causado a incontables animales.

Es importante tener en cuenta que la clausura de este mercado no significa el fin del tráfico de fauna silvestre en Pucallpa. La completa e indignante falta de respuesta de las autoridades ambientales nacionales y regionales contra el tráfico de fauna silvestre en la región Ucayali, ha resultado en la existencia de almacenes ilegales escondidos en la ciudad donde los traficantes compran/venden miles de animales. El hecho de que el principal centro de comercio ha sido clausurado es un gran paso, pero ahora es el momento más importante para parar el negocio de la fauna silvestre. Las autoridades ambientales deben despertarse, identificar y atacar los traficantes, sacarles de sus huecos y sancionarles fuertemente. Deben asegurar que de ahora en adelante los traficantes de fauna no podrán acceder al público directamente y abiertamente en ningún sitio de la cuidad.

Sabemos que el traslado del mercado provocó una protesta social y que algunos comerciantes honestos fueron afectados por ello. Sin embargo, el cierre de este punto de ilegalidad y contaminación, que era una vergüenza para la cuidad y sus autoridades, fue un gran paso hacia el desarrollo de Pucallpa, de Ucayali, y de Perú.  Uno de los principales mercados ilícitos de fauna silvestre en Perú ya no existe, y esto es un gran logro.  Así es que de nuevo felicito a la municipalidad de Coronel Portillo por finalmente demoler este terrible mercado que logró funcionar ilegalmente durante tantos años. Nosotros como NPC reiteramos nuestro compromiso a continuar trabajando en Pucallpa hasta terminar con el tráfico de fauna silvestre.

Hago un llamamiento a los ciudadanos Pucallpeños, por favor si tienen información sobre algún almacén de fauna silvestre en cualquier lado de la ciudad, o si se encuentran un lugar donde los traficantes de fauna están estableciendo de nuevo para vender animales al público, por favor avisen de inmediato y en total confianza al correo electrónico:   This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

El mercado de Bellavista - CLAUSURADO

Lazy Conservation

Peru, like many other biodiverse countries suffers from severe deficiencies in the function of its wildlife authorities. Scarce economic resources, lack of professional staff and high levels of corruption hinder efforts for efficient wildlife law enforcement and crime prevention. 

Cock of the rockIn answer to the high levels of wildlife trafficking crimes many of these states follow the logic promoted by the US by opening new options for legal exploitation of wild animals. The two most common justifications for this are A) to make local people “love” nature by giving it economic value and B) saturate the market with legally harvested wildlife so people will not need to buy from illegal traffickers. Trophy hunting and commerce of endangered species from breeding centers or hunting concessions are some of the most common projects resulting from this logic. Peru is currently enthusiastically promoting all of these.

The problem with this logic is that in reality the absence of efficient authorities, absence of a proper scientific basis and research into illegal activities, high levels of corruption and the inequality in dividing profits, make these initiatives counterproductive; the sacrifice of animals legally exploited is added to the ones illegally hunted or traded and permits are often used to launder illegal trade. Also, the idea of saturating the market does not seem to work in reality, as it confuses the public; people see that their neighbors have animals legally and perches the same species, for lower process from traffickers. It also confuses the authorities who are rarely experts in wildlife identification and legalize wildlife bought illegally.  

The best documented example for this misuse of legal permits for laundering illegal activities in Peru was in endangered timber investigated by the Environmental Investigation Agency. Recently I spoke with personnel from the Ecological Police of Pucallpa and was told about the illegal timer situation. I was informed that: “As illegal as the wood originally is, when it gets here to Pucallpa we already have it registered”. This shows how organized and efficient environmental crime is in Peru and how the traffickers use the inefficiencies and corruption of the authorities to hide their illegal activities inside the legal framework. We at NPC published a press release about the illegalities related to the authorized exploitation of Yellow-spotted Amazon River Turtles. We are now investigating very worrying illegal activities related to trophy hunting in Peru.

I call this kind of initiative “Lazy Conservation”, states do not make sufficient effort in to improving environmental authorities, they don’t invest in investigation or offer creative solutions to wildlife traffic, but they enthusiastically adopt philosophies of privatizing nature and let market forces control the future of wildlife, hoping things will get better by themselves. Now is a critical time for Peruvian fauna, deforestation and levels of wildlife traffic are continually rising and many species are on the verge of extinction. The new Forestry and Wildlife Law allows and promotes many schemes for wildlife exploitation. The efficiency of the authorities is not improving and in some areas is even worsening. The authorities are able to confiscate only a tiny fraction of wildlife traded and mostly intervene in cases of privately owned pets rather than the traffickers.  If Peru wants to protect its fauna it should stop relaying on miraculous, superficial and irrational solutions and urgently put serious efforts into restructuring its wildlife authorities to allow sincere and profound solutions to wildlife crime.

 

 

Press release - Petition against trophy hunting of pumas

El Estado Peruano está considerando aprobar la caza deportiva de pumas. La idea es cazar pumas del coto de caza EL ANGOLO y posiblemente de otras Áreas Naturales Protegidas (ANPs), a cambio de un monto pagado al ANP.

Ayer entregamos al señor Pedro Gamboa, jefe del Servicio Nacional de Áreas Naturales Protegidas (SERNANP) la petición para que no apruebe la caza deportiva de pumas en Perú, detallando los problemas legales, ecológicos, sociales y morales relacionados con la caza deportiva.

La petición fue firmada por más de 3100 personas de Perú y del resto del mundo y la puedes ver aquí:

https://www.change.org/p/pedro-gamboa-jefe-del-sernanp-no-aprueben-la-caza-deportiva-de-pumas-en-per%C3%BA?recruiter=135696230&utm_source=share_petition&utm_medium=twitter&utm_campaign=share_twitter_responsive

La carta con la que se presentó la petición se encuentra aquí:

http://www.neoprimate.org/Gamboa carta.pdf

 

Charity calls for immediate closure of “epicentre of illegal wildlife trafficking in Peru”

Press Release. 1.05.15

For immediate release 

This week, Peruvian-based conservation charity, Neotropical Primate Conservation (NPC), called for legal action to be taken against the Municipality of Coronel Portillo in the Ucyalli region of Peru for its alleged complicity in the illegal trade in wildlife. The Bellavista Municipal Market which is run by the municipality is, according to Dr Noga Shanee of NPC, “the epicentre of illegal wildlife trafficking in Peru”, with hundreds of animals sold there illegally every day as either pets or as bush meat.

The region of Ucayali is known internationally as one of the regions with the highest rates of wildlife trafficking in Peru and South America. Because of its strategic location, it serves as a storage centre for wildlife captured from the forests surrounding from Ucayali itself, as well as from the region of Loreto and parts of Brazil. Animals brought to Ucayali are then later smuggled to Lima, the coast and abroad. Bellavista market is one of the principle illegal wildlife markets in Peru with animals being sold “wholesale” to illegal traffickers.

Dr Shanee said:

“The extent of illegal wildlife trafficking in this area of Peru is not only causing immense suffering to the individual animals involved, but is decimating wild populations; threatening to put some species of animal at risk of extinction if left unchecked. Wildlife trafficking is an offence in Peru under Article 308 of the Penal Code yet, and I cannot make this point strongly enough, Bellavista is not a private market run illicitly by traffickers, but a public market run by the Peruvian authorities. It is imperative that the municipality ends its complicity in the illegal trade in wildlife and if it requires legal action being taken against the municipality itself to achieve this end, then we intend to see that it happens”.

Animals captured to feed the demand for the illegal trade in wildlife as pets are usually babies and, in order to collect the infants, the mothers and other members of the group are often killed in the process. It is common to see young animals sitting next to the carcasses of the dead family members, whose bodies will be sold as meat in the market. In the dustbins of the Bellavista market it is common to find bodies of the dead wild animals who perished from stress, hunger, sickness and the generally poor conditions in which they are kept prior to sale. It is estimated that for every animal that survives to become a pet, at least ten others have died in the process. Not only this, but keeping wild animals (both dead and alive) in the same area as fruits, vegetables and meat for human consumption also presents serious public health risks.

A detailed report, outlining the concerns surrounding Bellavista Market has been handed to the office of the Public Prosecutor for the Prevention of Crime, with a demand that action is taken to bring an end to the cruel and illegal trade in wildlife from the site.

A copy of the report can be downloaded here

Dr Shanee thanked the National Forestry and Wildlife Service (SERFOR) and Alvaro Anicama Gonzales, director for ‘the control of forestry and wildlife use’ for their help in the campaign to close this illegal wildlife market.

<ENDS>

Notes for Editors

  • Photos available on request
  • Interviews available on request
  • For more information write to:  This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

 

 Bellavista wildlife market. Photo: Noga Shanee/NPC

Bellavista wildlife market. Photo: Noga Shanee

Bellavista wildlife market. Photo: NPC

NPC Newsletter Vol. 31

Click here to download our latest newsletter volume 31 for April 2015.

Vish the sloth. Photo: Noga Shanee/NPC

Conservationists and Peruvian villagers join forces to save endangered monkey

For immediate release

New research shows a critically endangered species of monkey is flourishing thanks to the combined efforts of local communities and a conservation charity in Peru.

Neotropical Primate Conservation (NPC) began working with farming communities in Yambrasbamba to protect the yellow tailed woolly monkey in 2007.

The innovative projects, which include voluntary pledges by local villagers to control hunting and forest clearance, have proved a success with a growth in the monkey population and significant increases seen in infants.

Dr Sam Shanee, of Neotropical Primate Conservation said: “The idea of our work, and community conservation as a whole, is that protecting the environment isn't something that only governments and big NGO's can do, it is something that benefits all people and is within reach of all people”. 

The yellow tailed woolly monkey has been listed as one of the world’s 25 most threatened primate species and there are thought to be only thousands left in the wild.

Deforestation, commercial and subsistence hunting, the pet trade, local development and resource exploitation have all contributed to its demise.

The research also showed that while deforestation was still occurring in the area, it was happening at a lower rate than the regional and national averages.

Dr Shanee said the cause of deforestation and biodiversity loss was often blamed on local people who were portrayed as the “bad guys”.

He said: “What we continue to find is that with effective discussion of the importance of forests and wildlife many local people not only understand the need for conservation but also become great conservationists leading their communities and, as seen in this study, succeeding in protecting some of the most threatened species and habitats through simple cost effective solutions where many larger projects/institutions have failed”.

The success of the project has prompted the charity to call on other conservation practitioners to involve local communities in their work.

“Our results provide compelling evidence that Community Conservation projects can be successful in highly populated areas, and we urge conservation practitioners to involve local actors when planning and implementing initiatives” they said.

Ends

Notes for Editors

  • Photos available on request
  • Interviews available on request
  • The full publication can be found here: http://tropicalconservationscience.mongabay.com/content/v8/tcs_v8i1_169-186_Shanee.pdf
  • For more information write to: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

 

Wild yellow-talied woolly monkey in Yambrasbamba. Photo: Sam Shanee/NPC

 

Wild yellow-talied woolly monkey in Yambrasbamba. Photo: Andrew Walsmley/NPC

Infant lagothrix flavicauda rescued from ilegal trade. Photo: Noga Shanee/NPC

More Articles...

  1. Two new scientific publications
  2. Short and successful campaign
  3. An official complaint about the Colombian company "On Vacation"
  4. NPC Newsletter Vol. 30

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