Reforestation in the Tropical Andes, Peru
The Tropical Andes Biodiversity Hotspot is the most biologically diverse region on Earth with about 15,000 endemic plant and 75 endemic mammal species, one of them is the Critically Endangered yellow tailed woolly monkey. It is also one of the most threatened ecosystems in the world due to rapid human population growth and high levels of deforestation. Less than 25% of this hotspot’s original area is still available habitat for wildlife.
The human populations in La Esperanza and neighbouring communities suffer from severe poverty. Environmental problems such as localised climate changes, impoverishment of soils, landslides and growing scarcity of natural resources like wood and water are also increasingly noticeable in the area. For these reasons our reforestation project is highly valuable for local people as well as native flora and fauna. Indeed, more and more communities from the Amazonas region are requesting our help in realizing reforestation and conservation work.
Reforestation themes include enrichment planting of selectively logged forests with hardwood trees and the creation of multiple use forest buffer zones. Also, enrichment of pastures with legumes and other plants to improve lands, attract wildlife and reduce the need for clear cutting of new pastures by increasing the lifespan of existing pastures. NPC also raises public awareness on the importance of reforestation with native species, as opposed to using exotic trees like eucalyptus and pine, by giving special talks and poster presentations.